‘Insights on melding minds and machines’ – October 2017
‘Case study: Hits and misses in an actual IIoT implementation’ – April 2017
‘Lean initiative leads MacLean-Fogg to the IIoT’ – December 2016
‘The Smart Industry 50: Innovators on the leading edge of digital transformation’ – October 2016
‘Kepware user touts gains from IoT server linking ERP to machines’ – August 2016
‘Industry advantage courtesy of IIoT’ – July 2016
‘Mixed models to persist at IT/OT interface’ – January 2016
‘Kepware Releases New Internet of Things Solution, Streams Industrial Data into Cloud’ – October 2015
Organizations Working Toward a Common Goal
The Fraunhofer Society is a longstanding German research organization with an annual research budget of two million euros. Members of the society involved in Industry 4.0 research include: Manufacturing Engineering and Automation IPA, Factory Operation and Automation IFF , and Experimental Software Engineering IESE. Their work includes the Reference Architecture Model for Industry 4.0.
Digital Manufacturing and Design Innovation Institute
The DMDII was established in 2014 and is funded by the United States government as a means of transferring certain DARPA manufacturing technologies to U.S. industry. The institute’s focus is on the usability of digital data across product lifecycle, also known as the “digital thread”.
“Thank You Fraunhofer”
As the fight for standards continues, it should be no surprise that the above organizations are backed by industry leaders, governments, and a great deal of money with high stake interest in the ownership of intellectual properties. The solutions to specific problems are developed and incubated by project bidders. Once successfully implemented, the bidders often claim ownership of the intellectual property and either leverage it to gain competitive advantage or turn it into a commercial offering.
One such example is the MP3 music compression format. After its development, the Fraunhofer Society released a shareware application which was soon pirated and released as “thank you Fraunhofer” for everyone to enjoy. In 2005, MP3 licenses revenues alone generated 100 million Euros for the Fraunhofer Society.
On the other hand, most of these organizations continue to publicly publish papers on their progress, including detailed architecture reference models, which help outsiders get insights into the many directions IIoT could unfold.
We want to thank all of these organizations for the information they disseminate to the public so that, as outsiders, we may continue to question the validity and timeliness of the countless number of IoT approaches on the market.